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汽车零部件市场壁垒
汽车零部件市场壁垒
Barriers to Automotive Parts Market
(1)整车零部件采购体系进入壁垒
(1) Barriers to Entry of Vehicle Parts Purchasing System
整车厂与零部件企业之间金字塔形的配套关系形成了整车和汽车零部件企业之间较为固定的互相依赖关系,其合作关系较为牢固。新进入企业取代原有的配套供应商较为困难。
The pyramid-shaped matching relationship between the whole vehicle factory and the automobile parts enterprises forms a relatively fixed interdependence relationship between the whole vehicle and the automobile parts enterprises, and the cooperative relationship between them is relatively strong. It is difficult for new entrants to replace the original suppliers.
(2)质量体系认证、工艺过程审核和产品认可壁垒
(2) Quality System Certification, Process Audit and Product Accreditation Barriers
主机厂商对零部件配套企业要进行严格的选择和控制。首先,零部件企业必须建立主机厂商指定的国际认可的第三方质量体系,如ISO/TS16949;其次,主机厂商还要对零部件配套厂的各个方面(如QCLDM-质量/成本/物流/研发/管理五方面)进行严格的打分审核,并进行现场制造工艺审核;最后,每一种配套产品都要经过严格的质量审核,并经过持久的产品装机试验考核。
Host manufacturers should strictly select and control parts supporting enterprises. Firstly, component enterprises must establish an internationally recognized third-party quality system designated by the host manufacturers, such as ISO/TS16949; secondly, the host manufacturers should also conduct strict scoring audits and on-site manufacturing process audits on all aspects of the spare parts supporting plants (such as QCLDM-quality/cost/logistics/R&D/management); lastly, each supporting product must undergo strict manufacturing process audits. Quality audit and enduring product installation test.
(3)技术壁垒
(3) Technical Barriers
汽车零部件生产企业在生产过程中大多形成了独特的生产工艺,这些生产工艺在提高产品性能、产品可靠性、生产效率及降低成本方面具备独特的竞争优势。此外,主机配套市场要求供应商具备较强的新技术、新产品开发能力,主动参与整车制造商的产品同步开发。
Most automotive parts manufacturers have formed unique production processes in the production process, which have unique competitive advantages in improving product performance, product reliability, production efficiency and cost reduction. In addition, the main engine matching market requires suppliers to have a strong ability to develop new technologies and products, and actively participate in the product synchronization development of vehicle manufacturers.

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